Bacon and eggs for every meal: absurd diets of the rich and famous | Life and style

Their eating habits may not be quite as “insane” as former royal chef Darren McGrady branded them earlier this month, but the British royal family have their share of foibles around food. The Queen hates garlic and eats off diamond-encrusted plates, but also munches fruit out of yellow Tupperware. The Queen Mother was so reliably late to the table that they would lie to her about dinner time, telling her it was 8.15pm when everyone else was down for 8.30pm. Bejewelled crockery aside, however, the Windsors seem quite normal compared to these notably eccentric diners:

▶ Novelist Patricia Highsmith ate the same thing for virtually every meal: bacon and fried eggs. She began each writing session with a stiff drink – “not to perk her up”, according to her biographer, Andrew Wilson, “but to reduce her energy levels, which veered towards the manic”. Then she would sit on her bed surrounded by cigarettes, coffee, a doughnut and a saucer of sugar, the intention being “to avoid any sense of discipline and make the act of writing as pleasurable as possible”.

▶ Almost every morning for 15 years, the painter Lucian Freud had breakfast at Clarke’s restaurant in Notting Hill, London – often returning a few hours later for lunch. He would arrive at 7.30am with his assistant David Dawson and consume saucer-sized pains aux raisins or Portuguese custard tarts with extra-milky coffees (referred to by staff as “Mr Freud lattes”). After innumerable hours sitting in her restaurant, Freud invited owner Sally Clarke to his Victorian townhouse a few doors along on Kensington Church Street to sit for a portrait. He painted her three times, the final work interrupted – along with a decade and a half of loyal custom – by Freud’s death in 2011.

David Lynch claims his relationship with coffee began at the age of three. At one stage, the film-maker was drinking 20 cups a day; nowadays he averages 10, although the cup size has increased. A good coffee, he says, “should have no bitterness, and it should be smooth and rich in flavour. I like to drink espresso with milk, like a latte or a cappuccino, but the espresso should have a golden foam. It can be so beautiful.”

▶ “Coffee is a great power in my life,” wrote Honoré de Balzac in 1830, “I have observed its effects on an epic scale.” Indeed he had. When in the grip of one of his “orgies of work”, the French novelist and playwright would get up at 1am and write until 4pm, with a 90-minute nap in the middle. To fuel himself, he imbibed as many as 50 cups of coffee a day. He also dabbled with “a horrible, rather brutal method” which involved eating pure coffee grounds on an empty stomach. When he did this, he wrote, “Ideas quick-march into motion like battalions of a grand army to its legendary fighting ground, and the battle rages.” For Balzac, the battle raged until his death at 51: he wrote 91 long and short works of fiction in the space of just 16 years.

Marlon Brando had difficulties with his weight throughout his life, veering between crash diets and gorging sprees. Early in his career, he was known to eat peanut butter by the jarful, boxes of cinnamon buns and huge breakfasts consisting of cornflakes, sausages, eggs, bananas and cream, and pancakes drenched in maple syrup. He would devour up to six hotdogs at a time in late-night feasts at Pink’s in Hollywood (they named an all-beef hotdog after him in 2012). Defying attempts by work colleagues and loved ones to regulate his diet, he would break refrigerator locks at night, flee film sets with giant tubs of ice-cream and enlist friends to throw burger bags over the gates of his Mulholland Drive estate.

▶ Journalist and author Hunter S Thompson wasn’t known for his restraint when it came to intoxicants. With food, it seems, his appetites weren’t much less modest, particularly when it came to breakfast, which he described in his autobiography, The Great Shark Hunt, as “a personal ritual that can only be properly observed alone, and in a spirit of genuine excess. The food factor should always be massive: four bloody marys, two grapefruits, a pot of coffee, Rangoon crepes, a half-pound of either sausage, bacon or corned beef hash with diced chillies, a Spanish omelette or eggs benedict, a quart of milk, a chopped lemon for random seasoning, and something like a slice of key lime pie, two margaritas, and six lines of the best cocaine for dessert … All of which,” he concluded, “should be dealt with outside, in the warmth of a hot sun, and preferably stone naked.”

▶ “I was on one of my fruitarian diets [and] had just come back from the apple farm.” This is Steve Jobs explaining the origins of the Apple company name to biographer Walter Isaacson and revealing something of his eating habits in the process. Jobs was a vegan for most of his adult life, dabbled with the even more restrictive fruitarian diet* and would spend weeks at a time eating only one or two foods, such as apples or carrots. (He believed his diet neutralised body odour and meant that he didn’t need to wash regularly or wear deodorant, though his co-workers believed otherwise.) Sometimes Jobs stopped eating entirely, savouring the “euphoria and ecstasy” of fasting, though he was also acutely appreciative of a good avocado. “He believed that great harvests came from arid sources, pleasure from restraint,” noted his daughter Lisa.
* The diet varies, but usually entails eating raw fruit (at least 75% by weight) and a sprinkling of nuts and seeds.

▶ Walden author Henry David Thoreau professed little enthusiasm for food in general. “The wonder is how … you and I can live this slimy, beastly life, eating and drinking,” he wrote. He avoided meat and alcohol. Coffee and tea were dangerous temptations. Salt he regarded as “that grossest of groceries”. Cranberry-pickers were like butchers who “rake the tongues of bison out of the prairie grass”. Even water was an indulgence he would gladly have shunned were he able to live without it.

▶ Legend has it that Jackie Onassis would eat one baked potato a day stuffed with beluga caviar and soured cream. She watched the scales “with the rigour of a diamond merchant counting his carats”, according to her social secretary Tish Baldrige. If she went a couple of pounds over her usual weight, she would fast for a day, then confine herself to a diet of fruit until she was back to normal.

This is an extract from The Gannet’s Gastronomic Miscellany by Killian Fox, out now (Mitchell Beazley, £11.99). Buy a copy for £10.19 at

Portion sizes key for healthy diet, weight control | Features/Entertainment

If you’re looking for a simple way to watch your weight and eat healthy, follow this handy serving size chart to understand portions. It’s easier than you think.

Confused by all the different diets being touted as the healthiest way to eat?

One friend will only eat raw food, another has gone full paleo on you, and yet another has sworn off gluten. The good news is, there’s a science-based healthy eating plan that doesn’t require you to give up all the foods you love.

The American Heart Association recommends an overall healthy dietary pattern tailored to your personal and cultural food preferences. This pattern can include a variety of vegetables, fruits, whole grains, beans, legumes, fish, skinless poultry, nuts, and fat-free/low-fat dairy products, and should limit sugary drinks, sweets, fatty or processed meats, solid fats, and salty or highly processed foods. It’s all about making smart choices.

Here are the recommended number of daily or weekly servings of each food type, based on eating a total of 2,000 calories per day. Your calorie needs may be different, depending on your age, activity level and whether you are trying to lose, gain or maintain your weight. To find your recommended daily calories, use the NIH Body Weight Planner found at

Don’t worry, you don’t have to measure everything you eat. We’ve provided a few examples of what represents one serving of common foods. Be sure to check the Nutrition Facts label on packaged foods to understand the serving size and number of servings per package. And be aware of “portion distortion.” The recommended serving size is often less than the amount you’re used to eating or the portion you are served, especially at restaurants.

n Vegetables: Fresh, frozen, canned and dried, five servings per day. Examples include 1 cup raw leafy greens, 1/2 cup cut-up vegetables, 1/2 cup cooked beans or peas and 1/4 cup 100 percent vegetable juice.

n Fruits: Fresh, frozen, canned and dried, four servings per day. Examples include 1 medium whole fruit, 1/2 cup cut-up fruit, 1/4 cup 100 percent fruit juice and 1/4 cup dried fruit.

n Grains: At least half should be whole grain/high in dietary fiber, six servings per day. Examples include 1 slice bread, 1 small tortilla, 1 cup ready-to-eat cereal flakes, 1/2 cup cooked rice, pasta, or cereal, and 1/2 cup popped popcorn.

n Dairy: Low-fat and fat-free, three servings per day. Examples include 1 cup milk, 1 cup yogurt and 1.5 oz cheese.

n Poultry, meat and eggs: Lean and extra-lean; skin and visible fat removed, eight to nine servings per week. Examples include 3 oz. cooked meat or poultry, and 1 egg or 2 egg whites.

n Fish and other seafood: Preferably oily fish that provide omega-3 fatty acids, two to three servings per week. One example is 3 oz. cooked fish or seafood.

n Nuts, seeds, beans and legumes: Five servings per week. Examples include 1 Tbsp peanut butter, 2 Tbsp or 1/2 oz nuts or seeds, and 1/4 cup cooked beans or peas.

n Fats and oils: Preferably unsaturated, three servings per day. Examples include 1 Tbsp vegetable oil (canola, corn, olive, soybean, safflower), 1 Tbsp soft margarine, 1 Tbsp low-fat mayonnaise and 1 Tbsp light salad dressing.

Defense wants veterinarian to examine dogs at center of cruelty case

Union Leader Correspondent

October 13. 2017 10:01PM

One of the Wolfeboro Great Danes enjoys some attention at an emergency shelter in this file photo provided by the Humane Society. (LINDSAY HAMRICK/HSUS file photo)

LACONIA — Lawyers representing a Wolfeboro woman charged with animal cruelty are seeking a judge’s permission to have a veterinarian, who testified on their client’s behalf, examine all 75 Great Dane dogs that were seized from Christina Fay’s home in June.

Dr. Samantha Moffitt, who is licensed and has a practice in Virginia, but is not board certified, testified that the dogs that are being cared for by the Humane Society of the United States are stressed in a group kennel environment and have likely been switched from a raw meat diet to commercial kibble, which could contribute to digestive upset.

She told a judge it was her opinion that the dogs would fare better in private homes.

Under questioning by co-prosecutor Simon Brown, Moffitt was of the opinion that a single person could care for 75 dogs if they kept a strict schedule.

Fay testified that she had hired kennel help, but that she cared for the dogs by herself on weekends, despite coping with a recurrent knee injury.

Under the terms of a prior agreement brokered between the defense and the state, Moffitt was allowed to visit and observe the dogs, which are being held at an undisclosed location, but she was not allowed to physically examine them.

She testified that one dog appeared so depressed and fearful as to remain frozen on a dog bed during the duration of her visit, despite having soiled it. The defense asserts Dr. Moffitt needs to physically examine the dogs, as her testimony regarding their health is an important aspect of their case.

Fay’s trial is to start Monday in the 4th Circuit, District Division Ossipee Court, but in response to the defense request filed Oct. 11, Judge Charles Greenhalgh said he would hear oral arguments on the motion before testimony is set to get underway at 1 p.m. The trial is scheduled to continue on Oct. 18 at 10 a.m. and on Oct. 20 at 8:30 a.m.

The judge summarily rejected the defense’s motions that he reconsider his earlier orders denying Fay’s request to have 31 of the dogs be distributed to her friends and the remainder be returned to her, or to have the court deem the criminal charges insufficient.

In denying the first reconsideration request, Judge Charles Greenhalgh wrote that the defense had failed to identify any issue or fact or law that the court had overlooked or misapprehended when he initially ruled that the dogs would stay put, pending the defendant’s trial.

The defense additionally renewed its arguments for the remaining 12 criminal complaints pending against Fay to be thrown out asserting she was unable to defend herself against charges that allege cruelty for medical conditions such as cherry eye.

“It is impossible for the defendant to prepare for trial alleging that a congenital condition is her responsibility,” wrote co-defense Attorney Kent Barker.

Judge Greenhalgh again declined to revisit his earlier decision, writing that the defense had not presented any new facts or cited any law that he had not previously considered when he held that the complaints were sufficient to advance to trial.


Isle of Wight E. coli outbreak linked to raw milk from farm

Coloured scanning electron micrograph (SEM) of Escherichia coli 0157:H7Image copyright
Science Photo Library

Image caption

E. coli 0157 is found in the gut and faeces of many animals, particularly cattle

Three people have a potentially fatal kidney condition following an outbreak of E. coli which has been linked to unpasteurised milk from a farm.

The Isle of Wight patients are being treated in hospital for haemolytic uremic syndrome, a complication of E. coli that can lead to kidney failure.

Another four people affected by the bacteria have made a good recovery, Public Health England said.

The source has been traced to Briddlesford Lodge Farm near Newport.

Dr Ishani Kar-Purkayastha from Public Health England said the raw milk had been removed from sale.

“We are asking anyone who has raw milk purchased from Briddlesford Farm on, or before Monday, 25 September 2017, to either return it to the farm or dispose of it,” he said.

In a statement, the farm said: “We are especially concerned about the well-being of those affected by this bug, and we wish them and their families every good fortune at this terrible time.”

Image copyright

Image caption

Briddlesford Lodge Farm has removed raw milk from sale

The outbreak has been identified as the E. coli 0157 strain, which caused the death of a three-year-old child in Scotland in 2016.

Professor Guy Poppy, chief scientific adviser at the Food Standards Agency (FSA), said: “Unpasteurised or ‘raw’ milk may contain harmful bacteria that cause food poisoning because it has not been heat-treated.

“Long-standing FSA advice has been that older people, infants, children, pregnant women and those with weakened immune systems, who are more vulnerable to food poisoning, should not consume raw drinking milk.”

E. coli O157 is found in the gut and faeces of many animals, particularly cattle, and can contaminate food and water.

Outbreaks of O157 are rare compared with other food-borne diseases.

30 Day Raw Food Detox Days 8-14 | By: What Chelsea Eats

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Natural Dog Food, Why My Dog Likes to Eat Porridge? – Have Shiny Black Coat

A bowl of comforting porridge or congee brought me back childhood memories as I remember my dog likes to eat home cook porridge. And I will tell you why.

I used to have this dog which is a cross breed. I had the dog when I was about 13 years old. Our family friend advised us that to make the dog fur looks shinny and thick, we must give him natural black “gula melaka” (a kind of traditional palm sugar in Malaysia) mixed with porridge. It really makes his fur thick and shiny black. Even few of my neighbors asked us what special food we gave him that make him looks so good and healthy.

Ancient Chinese Food – Porridge

The Chinese porridge (or otherwise known as congee) is a soupy or liquidized version of boiled rice. Once upon a time, the poor in China made porridge to prolong the household consumption of rice grain; because it uses much smaller amount of rice for each meal. However, due to its soft texture, it is also a traditional Chinese baby food. The fact that it is easy to digest and curative effect on the body, those who are recovering from sickness could use it as a main food intake.

Porridge is good for humans. What about for dogs?

Porridge alone may be easy to digest but may lack certain nutritional values essential for your dog’s health maintenance. To make the porridge diet for your dog more balanced, it is important to include a combination of fats, carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins, minerals, and water in a balanced diet that provides sufficient calories to meet their daily needs for growth, activity, and repair.

My Dog’s Special Diet

“Gula Melaka” (Palm sugar) was originally made from the sugary sap of the Palmyra palm or the date palm. Now it is also made from the sap of the sago and coconut palms and may be sold as “coconut sugar.” The sugar is a golden brown paste, sold in tubes, blocks or tin cans. It may be light-colored or dark, soft and gooey or hard. As a lightly-processed product of cottage industry, it varies greatly from batch to batch. In Indonesia, sugar made from the Borassus (Palmyra palm) is known as Gula Jawa (“Javanese sugar”) or gula merah (red sugar). Sago Gula Melaka is a very popular soft dessert in Malaysia. You can see it in almost every traditional function, such as parties, wedding reception, gathering, or school parties.

We never feed our dog a lot of meat. My mother will cook porridge mixed with a bit of “gula Melaka”, “ikan bilis” (malay word for a family (Engraulidae) of small, common salt-water fish) or small amount of beef. We usually used low grade brown rice (at that time we do not know it is actually organic rice and nobody ever heard of organic food at that time).

Avoid products that use meat by-products like bones, feet, and intestines, chemical preservatives like BHA and BHT and difficult-to-digest grains like corn, wheat, gluten and soy. These grains are sometimes listed as a protein source in place of meat in commercial dog food.

Many health problems, like allergies that cause itchy skin, are simply caused by a poor diet and improper allocations of the wrong kinds of food. It is recommended that you start making note of the ingredients until you notice an improvement.

My dog was so used to eating porridge that he will refuse to eat if it is rice. The porridge smells good even to people. That is why I believe in homemade natural food that is best for human is guaranteed good for your dog.

Protect Your Dog’s Health

The health of your dog is very important and hinges on good nourishment and plenty of exercise. The pet owner who feeds their dogs a good balanced diet consisting of special dog food will save a lot of money and have a happy healthy pet.

If your dog has a healthy skin and coat, is energetic, and gets good marks from the veterinarian on the annual checkup, you can continue to feed the same diet of natural food no matter which they have chosen. If the dog is having problems, it is important to investigate if its food might be a contributing factor and take steps to fix things by adding a supplement, switching to another food, or asking the vet to run some diagnostic tests.

Shocking News

On March 15, 2007, FDA (US Food And Drug Administration) learned that certain pet foods were sickening and killing cats and dogs. FDA found contaminants in vegetable proteins imported into the United States from China and used as ingredients in pet food. FDA’s Office of Criminal Investigations announced that two Chinese nationals and the businesses they operate, along with a U.S. company and its president and chief executive officer, were indicted by a federal grand jury on Feb. 6, 2008. The indictments are for their roles in a scheme to import into the United States products they claimed were wheat gluten. The products were contaminated with melamine and used to make pet food.”

How can we protect our animal companions? Make your dog healthy and happy by feeding him healthy, natural dog food now!

How to Prevent Food Poisoning When Traveling Abroad in Other Countries

Choose your street food very carefully

This one hurts, a lot. But not all street food is created equal. Some have raw toppings, like the cilantro and onion that were sprinkled on a 50-cent taco I ate in a tiny town in rural Oaxaca. Delicious, but it cost me around $500 in medical bills and antibiotics when I got home. Watch, too, to see that the food is freshly cooked — ideally quite hot — and hasn’t been sitting out in a cart or in a buffet tray. If it’s hot and well-cooked, then just use your best judgement around the sanitation of the cart. Life’s all about risks and rewards, so if you’ve done your due diligence, might as well enjoy.

Make yourself waterproof in the shower

This one is easy to mess up, because you probably don’t realize how much water you drink in the shower. In places with iffy tap water, avoid getting any in your mouth or eyes while bathing. It’ll feel weird to clamp your mouth and eyes tightly, but as a friend who frequents Guatemala told me, “It’s worth showering in total darkness to avoid total darkness in the toilet later on.”

Quick Weight Loss Tips – Ready to Lose Weight Now?

Quick weight loss is not impossible but if you are thinking that it happens instantly without any effort on your part, you are seriously misled or living in delusion. If you are willing to observe and stick with a proper plan, together with steps and quick weight loss tips I will reveal in this article, you will find yourself ready for some fast weight loss. Are you ready to lose weight starting from today?

Weight loss and diet programs come and go. Some are just the fad of today, and people chase after them without fully understanding if they would work for them. Of course, there are some long-standing ones which do work such as the Atkins and Cambridge Diets. However, over-relying on a special diet program is not for everyone due to our different genetic make-up. There could be adverse side-effects that could surface and result in long-term health problems.

Weight loss is a lifestyle than a physical act. Let’s take a closer look at why most people fail in their weight loss attempts. Survey results showed that the majority failed due to the lack of proper preparation. To be more specific, their will and motivation to lose weight are not strong enough and they give up easily each time a weight loss program does not work for them. Many others give in fast to temptations of personal indulgence like food, snacks and the like. Still there are some who simple find it too tough to work out physically. Unless you take your weight loss seriously, there is a high chance that you will throw in the towel after a while.

Assuming you are serious about losing weight, you then qualify as a good candidate to apply those quick weight loss tips shared here. Losing weight successfully requires your mindset to be fixated on your quick weight loss plan and goal, no matter which route you have chosen. Plans do work but only if we work on them. Ask yourself what are the reasons for you wanting to lose weight. Make sure they are motivating enough. Think of the worst case scenario should you fail; the ugly stares at your fat tummy, not feeling confident when approaching the girl/guy you wish to date? The purpose of this whole exercise is to condition your thinking. Ok, once you have found the strong reasons to lose weight, you are one step ahead of many others.

Now, we will look at 3 practical quick weight loss tips:

1. Be Prepared to Put in Effort

Your fat does not melt while you are sleeping or dreaming about it. You need to do something about it. We live in a world where everything seems to be ideal in the media. The movies we watch feature only beautiful ladies with excellent figures, handsome looking men with nice abs, and so on. TV commercials flash nice advertisements with a famous celebrity endorsing some slimming pills that touts itself as the “Diet Pill of the Century” and that’s how they got their svelte figures. Frankly, these are gimmicks playing on your fears and anxiety. The celebrities or models you see already have great figures before they shoot the advertisements. Everyone wants a wonder pill that helps them to lose weight instantly without any effort. That is why people would not hesitate to try these diet pills and supplements. Unfortunately, most don’t work.

2. Be Focused in Your Weight Loss Goal

Quick weight loss can be achieved if you can stick with your exercise regime and dietary plans. It may take some time but it will happen. Stay focused on your goal, and keep reminding yourself on the motivating factors of your weight loss when you are starting to feel disappointed. It is important to share your goal with close friends and family members or even join a support group. Their constant encouragement would spur you on to fulfill your weight loss dream. No man is an island. Remember to put this quick weight loss tip into practice.

3. Have Fun in Your Weight Loss Exercises

Many folks fail to realize that weight loss can be an enjoyable experience. It requires deliberate but simple effort to inject fun. People have shared that they hated weight loss because they have to sacrifice their time with their TVs, their computer games, and give up on their favorite foods, and so on. Weight loss seems to have a negative connotation. If you are burning your calories, why not engage in games that you love? Like playing a game of tennis, or take a plunge in the pool and have a relaxing swim? For people who don’t like physical sports, they can go for brisk walking. Take a nice stroll with your loved ones. You wouldn’t even realize that you are exercising.

I hope these preparatory quick weight loss tips are beneficial to you. Find out what are the 10 easy weight loss tips that you can follow straightaway to lose weight fast in my blog.

This article may be freely reprinted or distributed in its entirety in any ezine, newsletter, blog or website. The author’s name, bio and website links must remain intact and be included with every reproduction.

Thai Balcony restaurant in Bath handed one-star hygiene rating due to food poisoning concerns

A Bath city centre restaurant received a one-star hygiene rating because inspectors were “concerned” about contamination and food poisoning.

Thai Balcony on Saw Close was given the low score after safety and hygiene inspectors made an unannounced visit on July 21.

The inspector found that customers were at risk of food poisoning because cleaning cloths were being kept next to the area where raw meat and fish was prepared.

This means the cloths could easily come into contact with the raw food and could spread harmful bacteria if they were used to clean afterward.

The official report reads: “I am very concerned about your current area for cutting raw meat and fish.

“The cleaning tools you kept for cleaning the sink were worn and close enough to the sink that they could easily become wet with liquid from the raw meat and fish.

Thai Balcony on Saw Street
Thai Balcony on Saw Street

“If you use them to clean the sink, you can spread harmful bacteria on surfaces and contaminate any food handled there.”

Food was also being stored in fridges which were too warm. The legal maximum temperature for a fridge is 8°, but the recommended temperature is between 2° and 5°.

However, the fridge which stored the meat in the restaurant was found to be 19.4° and a fridge storing fish was 14.8°.

As a result, customers were at further risk of developing food poisoning.

The report also reveals there was a build-up of “dirt and grime” in the kitchen area which should be deep cleaned immediately.

Customers were at risk of developing food poisoning
Customers were at risk of developing food poisoning

The manager of Thai Balcony said they had carried out all of the recommendations and another visit is going to take place soon.

“We have done everything that they [the inspector] told us that we had [to do].

“Normally we get a five but this time there was something wrong.

“When the officer re-inspects, we will get a five,” she said.

Understanding Sealing Material and Food Grade Concrete Sealer

Concrete counter tops are stain prone and need high maintenance. The sealers have come a long way from the simple wax and acrylic sealers to most modern epoxy sealers. With the right sealer, you can have a stain-resistant, heat-resistant, scratch-resistant, Food Grade Concrete Sealer, easy to clean, easy to maintain and smooth counter top.

Bare concrete is porous and vulnerable to staining and chemical attack. Liquids will soak into the surface, carrying stains into the concrete itself. Acidic substances like vinegar and lemon juice will dissolve the cement paste.

Sealing material characteristics that are important to clients are:

• Enhance the appearance of the concrete without degrading the look or feel

• Non-porous

• Completely resist stains from food, oil, and other household substances

• Resist heat from hot pots and pans

• Resist UV degradation and yellowing from sunlight

• Scratch-proof

Food Grade Concrete Sealer

• Easily cleaned using common household cleaning products

• Provide long term protection without the need for frequent maintenance

• Easy to repair& maintain

Sealing Materials: Sealers have two groups namely Penetrating sealers and Topical sealers.

Penetrating sealers come in the form of liquids that are applied to bare concrete, soak in, and then once wiped off and dried, are usually almost invisible.

Densifiers are water-based chemicals that react with the cement paste in the concrete. The reaction generates cementing agents that increase the strength of the surface concrete and fill the pores. The cementing agents that are generated during hardening often serve to provide some color enhancement. Densifiers are often applied before repellents.

Repellents are a concrete treatment that changes the surface tension characteristics of the concrete so that liquids bead up easily. They create a hydrophobic water-shedding effect when applied to the concrete.

Topical sealers make up the most of the sealers on the market as listed below:

Wax is the most basic sealer. Generally, a high-quality floor wax that contains carnauba and beeswax, or just pure beeswax, is used. Automotive paste wax should not be used for sealing because of the additives it contains.

Acrylic is a solvent based or water based, are the next most basic and common concrete sealers. Acrylic sealers are easy to use, available easily and relatively inexpensive. They are widely used for sealing floors and driveways, and provide modest protection. Acrylics generally provide heat resistance but are UV resistant.

Epoxy is a two-component chemical system and you need to mix them to form the coat. The chemical reaction is irreversible, and the end result is a very durable, very hard surface. Epoxies are expensive chemicals and one need to follow a proper process to apply them. There are three basic types of epoxies: solvent based, water based and 100% solids. They are key to a Food Grade Concrete Sealer. They are widely used in industrial kitchens.

Urethane are the type of sealers that has many of the Ideal Sealer characteristics. Some are a single part, and others are two part. Urethane, in general, are stain and heat resistant, provide good UV resistance, very tough and scratch resistant. They provide a glossy finish also.